Whatis a Sewing thread?
A Sewing Thread as part of a sewing machine is a flexible, small diameter yarn or strand usually treated with a surface coating, lubricant or both, intended to be used to stitch one or more pieces of material or an object to a material.
Itmay be defined as smooth, evenly spun, hard-twisted ply yarn, treatedby a special finishing process to make it resistant to stresses inits passage through the eye of a needle and through material involvedin seaming and stitching operations.
Accordingto Wikipedia’s definition, Threadis a type of yarn but similarly used for sewing. It can be made outof many different materials including cotton, linen, nylon, and silk.
Importanceof Sewing Threads
The sewing thread is of considerable importance, playing a major role in retaining the fabric appearance, look, and life of the garment in the long run, even though it usually represents much less than 1% by mass of a garment.
Nowadays, a numerous variety of sewing threads are available in the market due to diverse demands from the sewing industry, increasing use of different types of fibres in the garment industry and expanding application of textile materials in various fields like apparels, technical applications as well.
Betterunderstanding of the sewing process and its requirements as obtainedthrough studies by modern instrumentation techniques has also greatlycontributed to the development of new threads.
Itis also very much required and appreciable to have different types ofsewing threads, which can suit various applications, since variousend-uses demand specific property requirements.
It is beyondanybody’s doubt that the success of garmentmanufacturing processmainly depends upon the operation of sewing, though a very betterquality of fabric is selected for the garment manufacturing process.
Again,the sewing threads play a vital role in the success of sewingoperation, since a wrong thread may ruin a very high quality fabricand even a best sewing machine used for the sewing, and the wholeprocess will fail. It can add to waste of both time and money.
Therefore,it is very much imperative to select a right type of sewing threadwhich can suit one’s requirements exactly. This is possible throughthe correct understanding of the type of fibre used to manufacture,manufacturing processing sequence & propertiesof different types of sewing threadsexisting on earth, which was touched upon in this technical articleto a greater extent.
DifferentSewing Threads and their Uses
With a large variety of different threads available it can be a minefield finding the right thread for the job, especially if your relatively new to sewing.
Let’s understand the following questions and give their answers as a guide:
– What isthe difference between polyester, silk and cotton thread and whenshould they be used?
– What arethe benefits of each thread, and above all does thread choice matter?
There are anumber of different thread brands available and you will findalternative thread companies offer a similar variety of options andthe same rules apply.
When should you use Polyester Sewing Thread?
Polyesteris your go-to everyday thread, it can be used on a variety ofdifferent projects for both hand and machine sewing.
Polyesterthread has a small amount of ‘give’ and is therefore suitable foruse with stretch and knit fabrics. It is strong and durable so can beused on projects that will receive a great deal of wear and tear. Itis generally available in the largest colour range.
When should you use Cotton Sewing Thread?
Cotton thread is the perfect accompaniment to 100% cotton fabric and is therefore most commonly used in patchwork and quilting. Some sewing purists believe that you should use the same thread as the fabric yarn content, so cotton thread should be used to sew cotton fabric.
Cottonthread has very little ‘give’ and is weaker than other availablethreads, such as polyester. But it can be perfect for use onlightweight, delicate projects as generally speaking you want thethread to be weaker than the fabric your working with, so any stresson seams causes the thread to break, rather than the fabric to tear.
Sewingwith Silk Thread?
Silk is a beautiful thread to work with; both on and off the sewing machine. Many designers use silk thread when hand sewing; finishing hems, basting (tacking), buttonholes and tailoring work.
Silk threadis very smooth so travels through even the lightest most delicatefabrics without leaving a mark, as well as being very strong(especially when used in conjunction with beeswax), it is a superbchoice for a large variety of hand sewing projects.
Other usesinclude decorative stitching.
Uses for Topstitching Sewing Thread?
Topstitching thread is as the name suggests suitable for topstitching. Although standard thread can be used for topstitching the thicker topstitching thread is perfect for use on heavier weight fabrics and provides a decorative look to stitching.
Whencompleting topstitching be sure to work with topstitching thread onthe top of the sewing machine and a normal bobbin. You will require atopstitching needle so that the eye of the needle is large enough forthe thread to pass through.
Tryincreasing your stitch length to get a better finish; generallyspeaking the thicker the fabric the larger the stitch length required(the standard stitch length of 2-2.5mm will disappear in thickfabrics such as denim and canvas).
When to use Extra Strong Sewing Thread?
Althoughextra strong thread is not suitable for the majority of every daysewing projects it does it have uses. Especially when working withhome furnishing projects.
The threadis constructed as a thicker, stronger polyester thread that can takea great deal of wear and tear. It is perfect for use on denim,leather and canvas fabrics as well as rugged repair work.
It is alsopossible to use extra strong thread for topstitching if you don’thave a suitable topstitching colour to hand.
Sewing with Decorative Threads (Metallic & Embroidery)?
Metallicand embroidery threads are fabulous for machine or hand embroidery,creating decorative detailing on garments and home decor projects.With a large variety of different threads available and a superbcolour range you should be overwhelmed with choice.
Remember touse a specialist needle when working with metallic and embroiderythreads to prevent shedding and snapping of the thread.
Now let us analyze how to choose the best suitable thread for your project below:
Choosing the Best Sewing Thread?
So what do you need to think about when choosing the best thread for your project:
- Think about fabric properties, is your fabric woven or knitted, lightweight or heavyweight?
- The weight of the thread should match the weight of the fabric
- Some sewing purist recommend matching the thread to the fibre content of the fabric (cotton thread to cotton fabric)
- Most of the time an all purpose polyester thread will work
- Try and stay away from cheap threads, when working with threads you generally get what you pay for.
- Colour choice is up to you; do you wish to achieve a colour match or use thread in a contrasting colour as decoration
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